Swamp chestnut oak is a medium to large tree with a wide, rounded crown and bark resembling that of white oak. Its inner bark, like that of most other oaks, is rich in tannic acid, which is used for tanning purposes.

Quercus michauxii (swamp chestnut oak), a closely related species, is lumped together by some botanists with Quercus prinus although they look quite different. The chestnut oak is a stately giant. Chestnut Oak's bark is very distinctive, with long, deep, tight ridges. Prune oaks in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt. Swamp chestnut oak grows taller, with platey, light grey bark and has similar cultural requirements. Chestnut oak's specific epithet, prinus, is derived from the classic Greek name for a … The swamp chestnut oak (Q. michauxii), sometimes considered a variety of Q. prinus, is a valuable bottomland timber tree of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains and Mississippi Valley region.

Can tolerate most soils except those that drain poorly. The only similar bark in our area is found on the otherwise dissimilar Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboreum). Insect pests include scale and two-lined chestnut borer. They are a wildlife staple. Pests and Diseases Oak wilt is a potential disease problem. Orange Co., NC 3/11/07. The bark is deeply ridged even on medium-small trees. Disease, pests, and problems.

Galls caused by mites or insects are common, but not harmful.

Leaves are alternate, simple, 4–8 inches long, broadest above the middle, margin with large, rounded or sometimes sharp teeth; tip pointed.

Acorns of chestnut oak are produced singly or in pairs. Bark of a large tree.

Propagation is by seed.

The tree is usually 24 to 36 m tall, with branches rising at narrow angles from a columnar trunk to a round, compact head.