Risk factors. Bulging and T2 hyperintensity may also be seen in the adjacent fascia [Figures 1, 5]. [4] Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is caused by bleeding or oedema in a closed, non-elastic muscle compartment which is surrounded by fascia and bone. Chronic compartment syndrome (CCS) is an exercise-induced condition characterized by recurrent pain and disability. A Volkmann contracture is a permanent limb deformity of the forearm.

It is a rare exercise-induced neuromuscular disorder that often results in swelling, pain and disability in affected muscles of the arms and legs.
It is also found among swimmers and cyclists and other athletes who repeat motions. This article will address only chronic compartment syndrome of the calf and shin – a common physiotherapy presentation. It is commonly found in athletes who run a lot. Complications of the surgery can include infection, permanent nerve … Chronic compartment syndrome. Chronic compartment syndrome (CCS) causes a similar build-up of pressures within a given muscle compartment but instead results from the ongoing (chronic) use of a muscle (or muscle group).

Also known as exertional compartment syndrome, it is usually caused by athletic exertion. However, one can diagnose it accurately with a thorough history and following up on strong clinical suspicion. The pain is usually relieved by discontinuing the exercise. Chronic compartment syndrome may be diagnosed clinically but compartment pressures may be measured before and after exercise to confirm the diagnosis.


Know its causes, symptoms, signs, treatment and diagnosis. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition in athletes that can occur from repetitive loading or exertional activities. Symptoms subside when the offending activity (usually running) is stopped but return when the activity is resumed.

What is Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome?

Other MR imaging findings observed in the setting of acute and chronic compartment syndrome include the following: 14, 16, 17 ANSWER. The findings are compatible with chronic exertional compartment syndrome involving the anterior and lateral compartments of the leg. How is compartment syndrome treated? It is commonly found in athletes who run a lot. Acute compartment syndrome. Chronic compartment syndrome can result in nerve and muscle damage as well, but less often than the acute form. The front of the lower leg is the most common area for the pain and swelling of chronic compartment syndrome to occur. Chronic compartment syndrome most often occurs in athletes aged under 40 years but can occur at any age. It is commonly found in athletes who run a lot.

Although surgery is effective for most people, it's not without risk and, in some cases, it may not completely alleviate symptoms associated with chronic exertional compartment syndrome. The other type is chronic compartment syndrome, which is not a medical emergency. Chronic compartment syndrome affects mostly the lower leg and is usually less severe, in most cases easily managed conservatively. CECS is usually observed in competitive or collegiate athletes; long-distance runners, basketball players, skiers, and soccer players.

The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of CCS of the legs in the general population and to study its association with possible etiological factors. The complications arising from a compartment syndrome are chronic pain, muscle and nerve damage, infection after surgical fasciotomy, possibly leading to limb amputation.